By : IMAM SUJONO
Allah SWT create human as a masterpiece among his creature. Humanbeing get ahsanu takwin as a gift from Allah SWT, like al-Quran said
Surat At-Tin ayat 4.
لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الإنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ
(QS At-Tin: 4)
Perfectibility of man as God's creation in line with the severity of the burden in the world. God created man with his perfection to become khalifah on earth. As Allah says in the Qur'an surah Al-Baqarah verse 30
And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: 'I am about to make a vicegerent on earth. They said: Do you want to make him the person in his or her damage and shed blood, while we glorify You with praise and glorify You? He said: Surely I know that which you dont know. "(Surah Al-Baqarah: 30)
Because humans are born as khalifah fil ardh, the next task is to discover the potential leadership which aims at providing service and dedication that is intended solely for the trust of Allah, that is by playing a role as carriers of mercy to the universe.
Leadership for all human beings is not an option, it is a necessity, it is must. Every man and his destiny has been given the mandate to lead. A head of state is a leader for his people, a director of the company is the leader for the staff and employees, a head of the organization is a leader for its members, a teacher is a leader for his students, a father is the leader of the family members, even every man is for himself leader itself.
If we discover from Al-Quran that tell about a gift of khalifah (imamah) in to prophet Ibrahim A.s. Allah Said :
وَ إِذِ ابْتَلى إِبْرَهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكلِمَتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ قَالَ إِنى جَاعِلُك لِلنَّاسِ إِمَاماً قَالَ وَ مِن ذُرِّيَّتى قَالَ لا يَنَالُ عَهْدِى الظلِمِينَ
“Remember when Ibrahim was tested by his Lord(Allah) with a few words, then he fulfilled. God said: 'Behold, I will make you a priest for all of humanity'. He said: '(I beg also) from my offspring'. Allah says: 'My Promise is not going to the people who do wrong.' "(Al-Baqarah: 124)
Based on the content of the meaning of this verse and other verses that relate to that it can be summed up as follows:
First: Imamate position given by the Prophet Ibrahim (as) after he was tested by God with a variety of exams, including descendants gets at a very old age, the sacrifice of his son, Nimrod confront injustice, and others.
Second: Imamate position given by prophetic, not concurrent.
Third: Imamate not Nubuwah
Fourth: Prayer Prophet Ibrahim (as) in connection with the successor to the Imamate only descendants, those who never do injustice.
Fifth: Imamate is a noble position that has been set by the revelation.
Sixth: the priest shall Ma'shum with 'ishmah (guard) Divine.
Seventh: The earth is not going regularly without a priest carrying the real truth.
Eighth: The priest is God's choice, not the result of human choices and agreements.
Ninth: Human acts witnessed by Imam true science.
THEORY FROM PSYCHOLOGY
Congenital theory (Heredity Theory)
Talent of leadership in a person has at birth, so the basic view of this theory. Another word of this theory is the theory of heredity or congenital theory. Descent is meant here is a genetic component, not the offspring based on the status of social strata, noble, or royal descent. This theory assumes that a person's leadership qualities are innate factors, in which a leader or not a person because of sheer destiny. Adherents of this theory is formulated from a thesis work entitled Leaders are born, leadership is born. Principal establishment of this theory is only those who have brought kepemimpinanlah talent is capable of being a leader in the future. Personal dimension, physical, intellectual, and good fortune, as well as other dimensions has been owned since birth. He was destined to be a leader, even to his descendants.
This theory is a philosophical view that man has a remarkable ability, both physical and brain. But ability is not the same on each person. That is, the capability can be owned only by a particular subject, and not shared by others. Ability was described as prominent advantages that exist in a person. People like this have internal factors such as special forces, the power to be a leader and power was taken from birth. This argument one can see that a leader without needing to look outside the system. That is the basic capital, such as talent, intuition or practical proficiency without coupled with theories or principles, is considered sufficient to make one a leader. 
Situation Theory (Situational Theory)
Existing situation which influence and shape human capacities. Humans also behave according to the situation surrounding them, without meaning to be a chameleon or a creature he mimicry. Another word of this theory is the theory of the situation, which ultimately gave birth to the concept of situational leadership.
Thus, the teachings of this theory, that the gar gmuncul leadership in line with the situation or environment that surrounds it. At any given moment a person to function as a leader. At other times may be turned into a human-led.
So be a leader in the world is destined by Allah swt. Allah bestowed caliphate to his creation (man) sebagain most perfect creature among his creation. not the least of which is to say also a few theories. God has made us a leader, we are the most enduring of sperm entry into the egg cell sperm cells among others. and finally we were to fertilize the egg. but if it be connected with the psychological theory of heredity will find common ground and it is true that it is derived from the offspring and this gift from Almighty Allah to us humans, but one theory is that the influence is to be the leader of the environmental factors, this is also true however placement alone was wrong. In Islam has also develop to be a leader just like when we pray(sholat) like when we khotbah and etc.
DOC OF LEADERSHIP :
Taken from :
Al-Quran Digital dan terjemah.