1. Al-Baqarah : 124
وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ
“ And (remember) when his Lord tested Abraham with a few sentences (commands and prohibitions), then he fulfilled. Allah says: "Behold, I will make you a priest for all people". He said: "(And please, also) from my offspring". Allah says: "Promise Me (this) is not the wrongdoers".
Islam ; Leader is a message from God to man, then with the mandate given to tyranny should not be misused. As leaders we are being held accountable for the people we lead.
Psychology ; According to Boring, Langeveld, and Weld, leadership is the relationship of the individual to form a group in order to accomplish some purpose.
3. Explanation of leadership in Islam
Leadership in the concept of the Qur'an mentioned the term "Imamate" the priest. Al-Qur'an linking leadership with guidance and giving instructions to the truth, then the leader of prohibited conduct against the oppressions they lead.
A leader must know the state of his people, to feel their pain directly. A leader should exceed his people in a few main things, namely scientific and deeds. Leaders should be chosen by God, but it is today the leader of human choice. Because many factors why a leader now stuck on tyranny.
Explanation leadership in Psychology
It has the potential human psyche can be formed through a process of interaction with the environment. Leadership traits one can be formed in accordance with his soul. Adherents of this theory to formulate a thesis Leaders are made, leaders can be created or specially prepared, for example, through education and training.
In addition, environmental factors are also very important, because the success of a leader is that he can become one with the environment surrounding the community. If the relationship with both the environment would also mandate that run berkalan well.
If according to Gordon Allport a leader should have more emphasis to himself or "propium" well-developed to achieve psychological maturity. Due to the growing propium, it will achieve mental health. Leaders needed now is not only physical health, but also mental.
Psychological concept is almost the same with Islam, which emphasizes that the leader is able to maintain the mandate and able to work with the environment and have a healthy personality so do not tyrannical.
A leader is supposed to be chosen by God, because then the risk of tyranny against his people very little. While the man's own chosen leaders tend to act tyrannical because the selection process has been dropping each other to become a leader.
So we need a leader who has healthy personality to be a leader or caliph on earth, because then can reduce the tyranny of the lead. Healthy here not only physical, but also mental and spiritual. Because of the crisis of leadership is the most important spiritual and mental shambles.
Boeree, Dr. C. George. 2006. Personality Theories. Jogjakarta. Prisma Sophie